DHANGIARI (SOLAN): Earth Science Centre is coming up in village Dhangari in district Solan of Himachal Pradesh. The Centre is founded by Dr. Ritesh Arya (Ph.D.) in Geology who himself belongs to Kasauli. While talking to Dr Arya on the sideline of the project told PBD that it was an effort to promote and popularize earth science which was a neglected subject.
Aiming at educating the students about different types of rocks present in Himachal Himalayas and their applications both in academic and in the industry to build self-sufficiency and sustainable infrastructure in the hill states, he added. He further talked about the project and said the Centre would consist of 10 Sections—museum; water; energy; climate change; geoengineering; disaster management and sustainable development.
Museum section will focus on Himalayan evolution based on fossils collected by Dr Arya since 1986. Fossils of Leaves, Wood, Flowers, seed, Insect wing, Mammals gastropods bivalves reptiles representing diverse fossil assemblage which will represent the gradual squeezing of Tethys sea leading to a final collision of India with Tibetan plate culminating with final upliftment and evolution of Himalayas will be on display. Water section will tell us modelling of groundwater in the Himalayas and its use for sustainable development in solving water problem in different hydro-stratigraphic locations.
Geothermal energy development has been in use since time immemorial for cooking food and space heating by Guru Nanak ji in Manikaran more than 500 years ago. Use of geothermal energy in Remote corners of the Himalayas for socio-economic development where solar and hydro are economically not sustainable. This will boost the geo-tourism in the remote areas. History of Hydro energy development in the Himalayas will also be displayed in the museum and emphasis laid on the importance of Hydro Power in our day to day life and how the hill state is responsible for powering the homes in most parts of north India.
Climate change section will display Dr Arya research on climate change based on geological and geomorphological studies. Section will also highlight the impact of climate change on water and energy resources and try to predict future changes in climate and its impact on Society
Geo-Engineering section will focus on geoengineering based on sound geological knowledge and emphasize the need to use sound geological knowledge for foundations, road cuttings, tunneling, bridges to make the system economical and sustainable in the Himalayan region. The traditional geological knowledge which formed the basis for the development of Rail tracks from Kalka to Shimla will be studied and duplicated to build sustainable infrastructure in the hill state. Old forts will be studied to understand their know-how in building sustainable structures. Modern tunnels which are 28 km built in Himachal Pradesh will be displayed in the museum
Disaster management and sustainable development section will comprise the studies of Dr. Arya about the entire mechanism of the cloud burst phenomenon and concluded that Reservoir formed at the time or before the cloud burst due to landslide was responsible for the devastation caused by a cloud burst. Cloud burst as such had no impact on causing landslides or flash floods in the region. Understanding paleo flooding and its causes will be of utmost importance as the center itself is located on one such deposit. Besides, the Centre will have an earthquake, minerals sections
The Centre will also work for identification and preservation of geo heritage sites which are of geological importance, says Dr. Arya and adds that the Centre will have evolution and Astro-biogeology section to promote extra spatial research and elements of evolution of life in space and planet earth.